Chapter 3 Evaluation and Planning.
Zoning and Land Use
Chapter 4 Controlling the Density of Development. Chapter 5 Zoning and conservation. Chapter 7 Planning and the Land Market. Chapter 9 Impact Fees. Chapter 12 Methods of Planning.
2.0 Development Control
Reviews "Throughout the book Evans does a more than admirable job of explaining complicated issues with simple concise language supported by easy to follow diagrams. The development control function is an important one and those who work to evaluate applications for development permission; grant or refuse permission; and inspect development have a tremendous responsibility to ensure that the problems just identified do not arise.
They have a responsibility to ensure that development occurs in the right place, at the right time; that buildings are structurally sound and will not endanger the safety or lives of those who live in or use them; that they are provided with the basic services and facilities necessary to support the purpose for which they are erected; and to ensure that the environment and natural resources of Antigua and Barbuda are managed carefully and prudently for the enjoyment of present and future generations.
Notwithstanding the admission of The Honourable Minister St. Luce this morning that there is sometimes political interference in the work of the Development Control Authority and its Inspectors, it is still your responsibility to arm yourself with the technical knowledge needed to understand and communicate to others the need for the standards and policies we are called to implement.
We also need to have the courage of our convictions and stand up for what we know to be technically sound and safe practices.
Development control is the most visible part of the land use planning process and the function with which members of the public - particularly those engaged in the construction and property development industries - interact on a daily basis. However, the development control function cannot and should not operate in a vacuum. This brings me to the central theme of this presentation.
That is, the link between land use policy and development control. The formulation of land use policy and development standards - often contained within development plans - provides the contextual framework within which the development control function operates.
Chapter 1: The nature and principles of land evaluation
Plans are prepared to:. Plans are also prepared for areas which are already experiencing significant development pressures or some of the negative effects of growth and development in an effort to find solutions to these problems and to manage future growth.
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Plans may be prepared for a country as a whole - such as the recently completed Draft National Physical Development Plan for Antigua and Barbuda - or for specific areas cities, towns, villages or other communities of the country -such as the recently completed Draft St.
The Plan is a statement of intent or vision. It sets out how we would like to see the country develop over a specified time period. It is also a road map: since we have a vision and a goal, how do we get there? Policies and standards help us to achieve the vision we have set ourselves for the future development of the country.
As the old adage goes: if you don?
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Preparation of Plans is a lengthy and time-consuming process. However, land-use planning agencies are often called upon to make decisions on applications for development permission before a Plan is prepared or completed. If no Plan or policy statement exists, evaluation of development proposals may raise critical development issues for which no policy guidance is available.
These may include, but are not limited to, subdivision policies, industrial location policies, settlement upgrading policies, development standards etc. Policy statements may also be prepared as an alternative or supplement to a land-use Plan. One primary reason for preparing land-use plans and policy statements is to fulfill a legal requirement of the Land Development and Control Act of However, plans and policies are mainly prepared to guide the operation of the development control system and to facilitate the development decisions of private and public sector developers, including home builders.
In other words, Plans and policies provide the framework within which the development control process can take place. In the absence of this framework and guidance, how can applications for development permission be assessed?
In the absence of a policy framework, the development control system is seen as arbitrary and people question whether or not there is any sound basis or foundation for the decisions made. Furthermore, in the absence of a policy framework, decisions are made entirely at the discretion of the Officer evaluating a development proposal. Consequently, decisions can vary according to the person evaluating the proposal and can vary over time. Moreover, the city needs to reconsider its supply-led demand approach, which ignores locally driven demand and focuses on attracting international buyers, who are mainly speculators.
With profitability-driven land management programmes in new Dubai, government developers sell lands at high prices to small developers, who have no incentives but to build luxury developments to recover the high cost of the land.
By implementing inclusionary zoning and giving small developers extra gross floor area or financial benefits, the private sector could cover most of the affordability gap in Dubai. The government needs to encourage technology innovation. The government should also look into encouraging efficient sharing of living places, given that In addition, in the age of smart cities, the government should consider unlocking citizen solutions such as crowdfunding, where development and financing can be done by citizens rather than by profit-driven developers.
To conclude, the solution is a multistakeholder approach that integrates affordable supply and enablers of demand, while going beyond economic sustainability to ensure social development and environmental management. The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum. I accept.
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