But the chief captain Lysias came upon us , Suddenly, and at unawares, immediately, and with great haste, before they could execute their designs; which were not to judge Paul according to law, but to kill him, in the manner the zealots did:. Bibliography Gill, John. Copyright Statement These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship. This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliography Jamieson, Robert, D. It is beyond doubt a later addition to the incomplete report of the speech of Tertullus. As the Revised Version stands, Acts connects with Acts The motive of the added words is clearly to prejudice Felix against Lysias and they contradict the record in Acts Furneaux holds them to be genuine and omitted because contradictory to Acts More likely they are a clumsy attempt to complete the speech of Tertullus.
All rights reserved. Bibliography Robertson, A. Broadman Press , Renewal Took him out of our hands ] Wherein he did well, though he hear ill; as public persons must look to do.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport. Used by Permission. Bibliography Trapp, John. John Trapp Complete Commentary. So they call the bringing of soldiers, to hinder them from acting violently; and as far as they dare, they accuse Lysias, whom they thought not to favour them. Bibliography Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Acts ". Lysias ; chap Acts ; Acts Bibliography Edwards, Justin. American Tract Society. But —This verse and the next as far as the colon are not in the best MSS. The terrible blow to Athens quickened the energies of an anti-Athenian faction at Thurii.
Lysias and his elder brother Polemarchus, with three hundred other persons, were accused of Atticizing. They were driven from Thurii and settled at Athens BC.
ASSAULT AND WOUNDING
Lysias and Polemarchus were rich men, having inherited property from their father, Cephalus; and Lysias claims that, though merely resident aliens, they discharged public services with a liberality which shamed many of those who enjoyed the franchise Against Eratosthenes xii. Polemarchus occupied a house in Athens itself, Lysias another in the Piraeus, near which was their shield factory, employing a hundred and twenty skilled slaves.
In the Thirty Tyrants were established at Athens under the protection of a Spartan garrison. One of their earliest measures was an attack upon the resident aliens, who were represented as disaffected to the new government. Lysias and Polemarchus were on a list of ten singled out to be the first victims.
A Commentary on Lysias, Speeches 1-11
Polemarchus was arrested, and compelled to drink hemlock. Lysias had a narrow escape, with the help of a large bribe. He slipped by a back-door out of the house in which he was a prisoner, and took a boat to Megara. It appears that he had rendered valuable services to the exiles during the reign of the tyrants, and in Thrasybulus proposed that these services should be recognised by the bestowal of the citizenship.
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On this ground it was successfully opposed. During his later years Lysias—now probably a comparatively poor man owing to the rapacity of the tyrants and his own generosity to the Athenian exiles—appears as a hard-working member of a new profession—that of logographer , writer of speeches to be delivered in the law-courts. The thirty-four extant are but a small fraction. From to about BC his industry must have been incessant.
The notices of his personal life in these years are scanty. In he came forward as the accuser of Eratosthenes, one of the Thirty Tyrants. This was his only direct contact with Athenian politics. The story that he wrote a defence for Socrates , which the latter declined to use, probably arose from a confusion.
Several years after the death of Socrates the sophist Polycrates composed a declamation against him, to which Lysias replied. A more authentic tradition represents Lysias as having spoken his own Olympiacus at the Olympic festival of BC, to which Dionysius I of Syracuse had sent a magnificent embassy.
Tents embroidered with gold were pitched within the sacred enclosure; and the wealth of Dionysius was vividly shown by the number of chariots which he had entered. Lysias lifted up his voice to denounce Dionysius as, next to Artaxerxes , the worst enemy of Hellas, and to impress upon the assembled Greeks that one of their foremost duties was to deliver Sicily from a hateful oppression.
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The latest work of Lysias which we can date a fragment of a speech For Pherenicus belongs to or BC. He probably died in or soon after BC. Lysias displays literary tact, humour, and attention to character in his extant speeches, and is famous for using his skill to conceal his art. It was obviously desirable that a speech written for delivery by a client should be suitable to his age, station and circumstances.
Lysias was the first to make this adaptation really artistic. His language is crafted to flow easily, in contrast to his predecessor Antiphon 's pursuit of majestic emphasis, to his pupil and close follower in many respects Isaeus ' more conspicuous display of artistry and more strictly logical manner of argumentation,  and later to the forceful oratory of Demosthenes.
Greek and then Roman critics distinguished three styles of rhetorical composition—the grand or elaborate , the plain and the middle, the plain being nearest to the language of daily life. Greek rhetoric began in the grand style; then Lysias set an exquisite pattern of the plain; and Demosthenes might be considered as having effected an almost ideal compromise. Last 90 days. All time. English Only. Douglas Olson and 2 more Add to Cart Add to Cart.
Add to Wishlist Add to Wishlist. View More. ISSN Series. A commentary on Isocrates' Busiris N. A companion to Apollonius Rhodius T. Papanghelis , A. Andreia Studies in manliness and courage in classical antiquity R. Justice as an aspect of the polis idea in Solon's political poems A reading of the fragments in light of the researches of new classical archaeology J. Critical Notes on Plato's Politeia S.